The thirteen P&I Clubs which comprise the International Group (the “Group”) between them provide marine liability cover (protection and indemnity) for approximately 90% of the world's ocean-going tonnage.
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The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea was adopted in 1982. It lays down a comprehensive regime of law and order in the world's oceans and seas establishing rules governing all uses of the oceans and their resources. It embodies in one instrument traditional rules for the uses of the oceans and at the same time introduces new legal concepts and regimes and addresses new concerns. The Convention also provides the framework for further development of specific areas of the law of the sea.
The United Nations Commission on International Trade Law is the core legal body of the United Nations system in the field of international trade law. UNCITRAL is a legal body with universal membership specializing in commercial law reform worldwide for over 50 years, UNCITRAL's business is the modernization and harmonization of rules on international business.
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations. At its heart are the WTO agreements, negotiated and signed by the bulk of the world’s trading nations and ratified in their parliaments. The goal is to ensure that trade flows as smoothly, predictably and freely as possible.
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an international organisation that works to build better policies for better lives. Their goal is to shape policies that foster prosperity, equality, opportunity and well-being for all. The OECD draw on 60 years of experience and insights to better prepare the world of tomorrow.
Intergovernmental Organisation: World Customs Organization (WCO). ICS representing shipping with intergovernmental partners and organisations.
The UNFCCC secretariat (UN Climate Change) is the United Nations entity tasked with supporting the global response to the threat of climate change. UNFCCC stands for United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The ultimate objective of all three agreements under the UNFCCC is to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that will prevent dangerous human interference with the climate system, in a time frame which allows ecosystems to adapt naturally and enables sustainable development.
UNCTAD support developing countries to access the benefits of a globalized economy more fairly and effectively. UNCTAD helps equip them to deal with the potential drawbacks of greater economic integration. To do this, they provide analysis, facilitate consensus-building, and offer technical assistance. This helps devloping countires to use trade, investment, finance, and technology as vehicles for inclusive and sustainable development.
IMHA'S AGENDA Promotion of maritime safety Maintenance and promotion of seafarers' careers and welfare Reducing the risks of accidents and ill health onboard or caused by maritime working conditions including the spread of infections Treatment of accidents and illness at sea Meeting passenger health needs
The International Air Transport Association (IATA) is the trade association for the world’s airlines, representing some 290 airlines or 82% of total air traffic. IATA support many areas of aviation activity and help formulate industry policy on critical aviation issues.