Shipping is the least environmentally damaging form of commercial transport and, compared with land based industry, is a comparatively minor contributor to marine pollution from human activities.
There has been a substantial reduction in marine pollution over the last 15 years, especially with regard to the amount of oil spilled into the sea, despite a massive increase in world seaborne trade.
Comparison of CO2 emissions by different modes of transport Reduction in quantity of spilled oil
Improvements to Energy Efficiency of Ship Engine Oil
IMO Agreement on Technical Regulations to Reduce Ships' CO2
IMO Agreement to Reduce Atmospheric Pollution from Ships
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